This article provides an overview of speech pathology programs. Speech pathology is a discipline that involves the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders, which relate to language, speech, language, communication, voice and fluency. As a speech pathologist you would help people who struggle with speech disorders due to developmental delays, stroke, brain injuries, hearing learning disabilities, etc. Getting yourself into the speech pathology careers will enable students to have careers in diagnosis and the treatment of speech or language impediments. In regard to the educational part, discipline can be used to learning or the medical environs.
Speech Pathology Education and Training
The minimal educational requirement for a career in the field of speech pathology is a bachelors or in some cases a masters degree. However, you can even find some four year programs, certifications and also associates degree available in this field. Many students will find that they may even want to specialize in gerontology or even younger people given various factors associated with speech disorders. The employment outlook for anyone who wants a career in this field, is showing that there is an increase with people having various types of speech problems, especially among young children, which has brought on a high demand for speech-language pathology.
A bachelors degree in this field, or the speech language pathology, will introduce the student to language processes and also the communication disorders. Students in speech pathology programs will explore the developments of the normal and abnormal speech disorders.
For those who are interested to pursue their degree with this type of field, will have to have a high school diploma or at least satisfactory scores of an equivalency exam. These scores are to be submitted along with your application. Some requirements do vary for admissions from one school to another as well as the program too.
These speech therapy courses will have the students aimed right at the ways these disabilities do have an effect on individuals and just how you can effectively treat these disorders. You will be able to achieve a bachelor of science in the speech language pathology in a four year period.
Other then getting some general education course work, the students in speech pathology programs will need to complete core courses in regard to language developments and the speech disorders. There are some programs that have hands on work with clinical components. Some courses offered at the bachelors degree level are: Speech therapy, physiology and anatomy, acoustic phonetics, audiology and speech pathology. Other courses include:
- Speech and language assessment techniques
- Anatomy and physiology of speech and hearing
- Language acquisition
- Communication disorders
- American Sign Language
- Special education curricula
Speech-language pathologists typically require at least a master’s degree in order to practice. In most states, they must be licensed although the requirements vary by state. The Council on Academic Accreditation (CAA) which is part of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, accredits education programs in speech-language pathology. By 2010, the CAA had accredited 253 master’s programs in speech-language pathology. Professionals can earn the Certificate of Clinical Competence in Speech-Language Pathology (CCC-SLP) through the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (Bureau of Labor Statistics – BLS).
Speech Therapy Careers
A graduate who has a bachelors degree in this type of program will have the option to choose to becoming a speech pathologist aid who will work with a licensed pathologist. Here are some of the opportunities for the students that have an undergraduate degree with this field.
Evaluator, language pathology assistant, researcher and treatment plan coordinator. For anyone to become a licensed speech pathologist or even a speech therapist, shall want to complete a masters degree or a doctoral programs in speech pathology, speech and language science or audiology. Also that the graduate level of speech pathology programs there are specialized opportunities in areas of minority issues and bilingual speech.
Estimated Income and Projected Career Outlook
The salary level for a speech pathologist ranges from $49,959 – $74,252 with the top the top 10% earning an annual salary of $78,761 or higher. The median annual wage of speech-language pathologists was $66,920 in 2010 and the employment is expected to grow by 23% from 2010 to 2020 (BLS).
The yearly salary is expected to climb as with the demand for more speech pathologist, there also comes plenty of competition among the many medical facilities that are offering a bright and rewarding career for those who are interested and educationally qualified and have graduated from speech therapy programs.